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164                                      FLORA IND1CA.                            [Honimiacees.
inejrulato-paiuculatis.—M.Iryaghedhi, Wight, Icones, #.1857.   Gtertn.
i. t. 41, evparte.   M. Iriagedi, Spr. Sy$t..Yeg* iii. 65.    M. ferruginea,
Watt. Cat. 6803!    Horsijeldia odorata, Willd. Sj>. iv. 872.
HAB. In Zeylanise sylvis 1—(». s.)
Arbor escelsa, cortice aigro-fusco striatulo glabro, ramulorum junionun dense lo-
mentoso; partes novelise floccoso-tomentosse. Folia 6-9 poll, longa, 2-^-~3J- poll,
lata, petiolo ^-1-pollicari, faasi subcordata vel rotundata vel interdum subacuta, mar-
gine recurva, glabra, Iscte viridia, ochreo-tomentosa. Panicitlce axillares; maaculte
3-6 poll, longsc, ramosee, ramis alternis, capiiula 3-5 subsessilia gerentes; fcemincje .
plerumque multo breviores, simplices, dense furfiiraceo-tomentosffi. Flares snaveo-
lentes ; masculi dense glomerati, sessiles,' obconici, mutua pressioue angulati, calyce
8-4-dentato. Antherte 6 in colrannam gracilein clavatam apice connectivo baud
apiculatam coalitoi. Fhres fceminei laxiores; sabsessUes, l)asi turgidi. Ovarium
tomentosum, stigraate sessili indiviso. Fmctus ovoidei, feiTugineo-tomciitosi. Aril-
Ins carnos*ns, complctus, indivlsus.
Bluine has very properly rejected the barbarous name employed by Grertner,
which is only doubtfully referable to the present species, as the synonyms quoted be-
long elsewhere. As 3f. Horsfeldii is stated by 331ume to be only known in a culti-
vated state in Java, M.ferruginea, Wall., is probably also cultivated at Singapur.
It is, according to Bluiue, closely allied to the Madagascar species, M. Madagasca-
rettsis and M. acuminata, Lam.
Flores unisexuales, rarius bermaphroditi. Sepala basi plus miuus
coalita. Petala nulla vel sepalis alterna interdum pluriserialia, asstiva-
tione imbricata. Stamina pei-igyna, definita et uniserialia, vel saepius
indeiinita et calycis tube inserta; basi plerumque glandulis stipata.
Anthera biloculares. Ovaria indefinitaa unilocularia, ovulo solitario
pendulo anatropo. Drupa sicca3; semen pendulum; albumen carno-
sum; embryo minutus hilo versus; radicula supera; cotyledones diva-
ricatse.-—Aibores vel frutices, foliis oppoaitis^ exstipulatis, integris, den-
tatis vel integerrimi^ inflorescentia cymosa axillari vel termwalL
The genus Hortonia furnishes precisely the information required to settle defi-
nitely the position of the Order to which it belongs, for it cannot be doubted that it
is a genuine Monirniaccous plant, notwithstanding its hermaphrodite flowers, nume-
rous petals imbricated in several rows, and definite stamens. The opposite ex stipu-
late leaves, slightly perigynous stamens, furnished with glands, solitary pendulous
anatroppua ovules, and, above all, the peculiar character of the fruit and embryo of
Hort&nia, agree so precisely with the Order, that its right to a place there cannot
be disputed.
Monimiacea being generally apetalous, have sometimes been considered achlamy-
deous and involucrate; but the regulai-ly imbricated perianth, of Hortonia ia opposed.
to this view of their structure, which had already indeed been rendered improbable
by the regular alternation of the inner series of segments with th,e Boldoa.
If the presence of a perianth be admitted, the place of Monimiacea is necessarily
among apocarpous orders; and its minute embryo, with divaricating cotyledons in
copious albumen, bring it naturally into the great class upon which we are now en-
gaged, notwithstanding the more or less perigynous insertion of the stamens of the
greater number of genera, and the opposite leaves, which indeed occur likewise in
Clematidea. The glandular appendages of the filaments, and the valvular dehisceuco
of the anthers of Afkeros$erme<£ (which must share the position of Monintiace*} do